Although it may not seem like it according to today's standards, the function of this Michael Thorton design trumped its form. When this chair was designed in 1856, Thorton was a furniture designer in Austria-Germany known for developing what was known as brentwood furniture and a special glue that was able to hold wood together longer than ever before possible. The simplicity of the chair made it cheap and easy to make and the curved shape of the back rest resembling the human siloutte was able to provide comparitively more support than a stool or something like it. Also, Thorton's glue, which was used to create all the chairs, gave them durability. The design of this chair inspired many to build upon the positive aspects of the cahir to create chairs that we know today.